Catholic Hierarchy Is a Shining Light in Dark Moment for LGBT Rights in India

Cardinal Oswald Gracias

India’s Supreme Court reinstated a law that bans homosexuality as a “crime against nature” earlier this week, intensifying divisions between LGBT advocates and the religious communities they blame for this development. Catholic leaders have varied in responding to the Court’s decision, but there are hopeful signs as at least one bishop spoke out against the law.

Outlawing homosexuality in India dates to British colonial rule more than a century ago. Recent legal debates began after a New Delhi court overturned the law in 2009. Anti-LGBT organizations, including faith-based ones, have sought to re-criminalize homosexuality since then. The Supreme Court’s ruling now says it is up to the nation’s legislators to repeal the law if that is what is desired.

The Times of India reports that religious groups have welcomed the ruling, with leaders using extremely homophobic language and advocating “ex-gay therapy” in their statements. Relative to these, Catholic leaders’ remarks have seemed muted and even positive. Archbishop Anil J T Couto of Delhi merely reaffirmed the hierarchy’s position on marriage equality and a spokesperson stated the archdiocese opposed any law that would criminalize homosexuality. Cardinal Oswald Gracias of Mumbai is quoted by as saying:

“[T]he Catholic Church has never been opposed to the decriminalisation of homosexuality, because we have never considered gay people criminals. As Christians, we express our full respect for homosexuals. The Catholic Church is opposed to the legalisation of gay marriage, but teaches that homosexuals have the same dignity of every human being and condemns all forms of unjust discrimination, harassment or abuse.”

Two interesting notes in this story. First, in addition to heading up the Mumbai Archdiocese and India’s bishops’ conference, Gracias is also a member of the eight member Council of Cardinals formed to advise Pope Francis. The pope has been noted for his pastoral tone when speaking about LGBT people and his emphasis away from social issues.

Second, India’s Christians are a minority struggling for recognition of their own rights. In the same week that homosexuality was criminalized, police injured Catholic demonstrators, including ten nuns, and arrested Archbishop Couto. Relations between the government and the Catholic Church are contentious, as reports. Defending all minority rights, including LGBT equality aside from marriage, is seemingly a position with which leading Catholic voices seem comfortable.

With elections about to occur in the coming week, and conservative nationalist politicians gaining popularity, it seems unlikely India’s government will act to decriminalize homosexuality. That said, the Catholic Church in India now has a concrete opportunity to act upon oft-stated teachings against LGBT discrimination and continue to speak out and work against this law.

–Bob Shine, New Ways Ministry


32 thoughts on “Catholic Hierarchy Is a Shining Light in Dark Moment for LGBT Rights in India

  1. pjnugent December 16, 2013 / 9:13 am

    “The Catholic Church is opposed to the legalisation of gay marriage, but teaches that homosexuals have the same dignity of every human being and condemns all forms of unjust discrimination,”
    Am i missing something? The Catholic Church says homosexuals have the same dignity as every human being and condemns all forms of discrimination against them, EXCEPT they cannot marry?

  2. Larry Quirk December 16, 2013 / 6:12 pm

    I wonder if the Church in India or other Cardinals and Bishops in other countries would be so weak or silent in their condemnation of the Indian Supreme Court ruling if instead of criminalizing homosexuality the Court decriminalized abortion. The Church’s silence has been deafening but I hope that Pope Francis will come out with a strong statement.

  3. Achachan March 1, 2015 / 11:23 am

    None including our priests and bishops should confuse the issue by a circus of words or by using any diplomatic language. The issue should be always considered with full regard to the teaching of the Church. For that , first definition is required on homosexuals and homosexuality. Then , instead of saying diplomatically ” there should not be any discrimination on any people ” , tell clearly how they should lead a life and how others should respect them,specially.. Ordinary faithful Catholics need these information.

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